Edwards, Jonathan

(1702?-1758)
   Theologian, s. of a minister, was b. at East Windsor, Connecticut, ed. at Yale Coll., and licensed as a preacher in 1722. The following year he was appointed as tutor at Yale, a position in which he showed exceptional capacity. In 1726 he went to Northampton, Conn., as minister of a church there, and remained for 24 years, exercising his ministry with unusual earnestness and diligence. At the end of that time, however, he was in 1750 dismissed by his congregation, a disagreement having arisen on certain questions of discipline. Thereafter he acted as a missionary to the Indians of Massachusetts. While thus engaged he composed his famous treatises, On the Freedom of the Will (1754), and On Original Sin (1758). Previously, in 1746, he had produced his treatise, On the Religious Affections. In 1757 he was appointed Pres. of Princeton Coll., New Jersey, but was almost immediately thereafter stricken with small-pox, of which he d. on March 22, 1757. E. possessed an intellect of extraordinary strength and clearness, and was capable of sustaining very lengthened chains of profound argument. He is one of the ablest defenders of the Calvinistic system of theology, which he developed to its most extreme positions. He was a man of fervent piety, and of the loftiest and most disinterested character.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703 58)    A congregational minister in colonial New England, Edwards was a leader in the Great Awakening and was important both as a philosopher and as a theologian. While his impact on theology has been great, sustained interest in his… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Edwards, Jonathan — born Oct. 5, 1703, East Windsor, Conn. died March 22, 1758, Princeton, N.J. American theologian. The 5th of 11 children in a strict Puritan home, he entered Yale College at age 13. In 1727 he was named a pastor at his grandfather s church in… …   Universalium

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703 1758)    American Congregational theologian and preacher    Jonathan Edwards was the greatest American theologian of his day. He is remembered for his theological writings and for his participation in and observations about the period of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703–58)    Theologian.    Edwards was educated at the University of Yale where he underwent a religious conversion. He was ordained to the Congregational ministry and in 1724 he became the pastor of the Congregational Church of Northampton,… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (1703–1758) American philosopher and theologian. Born in Connecticut, Edwards was educated at Yale, and showed an early passion for philosophy and theology. His uncompromising Calvinism survived exposure to the works of Locke, and in metaphysics… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Edwards,Jonathan — Ed·wards (ĕdʹwərdz), Jonathan. 1703 1758. American theologian and philosopher whose original sermons and writings stimulated the Great Awakening, a period of renewed American interest in religion. * * * …   Universalium

  • Edwards, Jonathan — (5 oct. 1703, East Windsor, Conn.–22 mar. 1758, Princeton, N.J.). Teólogo estadounidense. El quinto de 11 hijos de un hogar estrictamente puritano (ver puritanismo), ingresó a la Universidad de Yale a los 13 años de edad. En 1727 fue nombrado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EDWARDS, JONATHAN —    a celebrated divine, born at E. Windsor, Connecticut; graduated at Yale; minister at Northampton, Mass.; missionary to Housatonnuck Indians; was elected to the Presidency of Princeton College; wrote an acute and original work, The Freedom of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • EDWARDS, Jonathan — (1703 1758)    a staunch CALVINIST and probably the greatest American philosopher of all time and an outstanding REVIVALIST PREACHER and theologian who played the key role in the GREAT AWAKENING, 1734 1735. His early writings covered various… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Edwards, Jonathan —    см. Эдвардс, Джонатан …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

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